The conclusion of the essay
The function of the essay's Conclusion is to restate the main argument. It reminds the reader of the strengths of the argument: that is, it reiterates the most important evidence supporting the argument. Make sure, however, that your conclusion is not simply a repetitive summary as this reduces the impact of the argument you have developed in your essay. The conclusion provides a forum for you to persuasively and succinctly restate your thesis given the reader has now been presented with all the information about the topic. Depending on the discipline you are writing in, the concluding paragraph may also contain a reflection on the evidence presented, or on the essay's thesis. The nature of the reflection will depend on your topic (Woodward-Kron, 1997) but questions such as these may be considered:
What is the significance of your findings?
What are the implications of your conclusions for this topic and for the broader field?
Are their any limitations to your approach?
Are there any other factors of relevance that impact upon the topic but fell outside the scope of the essay?
Are their any suggestions you can make in terms of future research?
The conclusion should match the introduction in terms of the ideas presented and the argument put forward. Sometimes you will find that the process of writing has changed what you have argued and so it will be necessary to go back and reword the introduction. Finally, the conclusion is not the place in your essay to introduce new information or new ideas: these should be in the body of your essay.
Essay Question:: Italy on the eve of 1860 has often been described as an unlikely nation. Why?
|Before 1860, only a tiny minority of the population believed that Italy could ever become a unified nation under one Italian ruler. Yet, despite this belief and the many obstacles blocking the path to unificationsuch as differences and suspicion between the many regions of the peninsula, the lack of planning and common goals that saw many uprisings fail and the divergent views and politics amongst the men who fought for unity,the Piedmont region emerged "...as the nucleus around which the rest of Italy could gather" (Mack Smith, 1959: 17). On March 17, 1861, the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed. Italy was no longer a geographical expression, it was a nation.||reference to essay question|
reiteration of thesis point
overview of main arguments explaining the obstacles to Italy's unification
concluding comment and reference to essay question
1 This essay has been adapted from material developed by R. Woodward-Kron, E. Thomson & J. Meek (2000) Academic Writing: a language based guide (CD-ROM), University of Wollongong
© Copyright 2000
Comments and questions should
be directed to Unilearning@uow.edu.au
Writing A Conclusion For A Critical Analysis Essay: Tips And Examples
The conclusion of your critical analysis essay will determine the lasting impression on the mind of the reader. This is despite discussing the most valid and strongest points in the body. It gives the paper a ‘last taste’ that will remain with the reader. It also determines whether the reader will agree with you or not. Being the conclusion, it plays a crucial part in your essay.
- It gives legitimacy to your thesis statement
- It wraps up all the points for or against the point you are making
- It sends off the reader convinced or not convinced about the point you are making. This is a way of ending the debate or igniting a counter response.
How then do you write a winning conclusion to your critical analysis essay?
Provide an answer to “So what?”
After a long discussion on the subject, the reader is interested in the solution you are providing. This answer should be provided in the conclusion. It acts as a justification to the suggestions you are trying to make. Example:-
The fact that over a billion people are on social media across the world indicates that any serious global brand must enhance its presence there. It makes business sense to be where your clients are. Considering the expenses involved, it remains the most sensible way to reach them.
Synthesize your ideas
This means binding all your ideas into a single conclusion. It narrows down the argument into a single point. Example:-
Paparazzi dig into the private life of individuals for personal gain. This exposure has led to more damage than good. Suing them for infringement of privacy thus serves them right.
Provide Food For Thought
Most critical analytical essays deconstruct the existing situation. Use your conclusion to raise pertinent issues that would make the situation better based on the facts or issues raised in the body of your paper. Example:-
What is the point of rising up the corporate ladder through strenuous hard work only to spend all your wealth treating lifestyle diseases? And while at it, deny yourself the joy of a happy and well brought up family?
Experts caution against using the words ‘conclusion’ in the paragraph or section of your critical analysis essay. The ideas should flow in a natural way and lead to a natural end. Do not introduce new ideas and make it as short as possible. At the same time, take time to craft a convincing ending because it will blanket everything else you have discussed in the body.
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